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Reply 1

Peer pressure and developing a sense of identify are two issues common among adolescents. Peer pressure isn’t unanimous to only teens, it is however most detrimental and influential in this stage of human development. Developing a sense of identity takes place along side our awareness of self-perception in relation to our peers. These stages of development are instrumental in how we perceive and handle circumstances throughout our life. (Falkner, A., 2018).
Having the normal fluctuations that come along with puberty are hard enough, let alone under the watchful eye of the media. Which is one of the biggest contributors to adolescents stress in this culture. Because they are exposed at such a young age to what media has portrayed as normal, they may feel an increased need to be something or someone they are not, or cannot attain. This may lead to increased desire for money and/or attention, and the belief to obtain that through sexual behaviors, illegal activities, violent/bullying actions, and increased rebellion against their parents. (hhs.gov, 2019)
If worked through in an appropriate manner, one can develop healthy coping mechanisms to these stressors. This would assist with being able to stand against the negative pressures in life, know how to discourage them in a healthy, adult way and further build upon self-esteem and confidence. However, if never fully worked through and given into the pressures, one has the risk of not coming into their next stage of development fully, not forming healthy coping mechanisms, and falling into bad behaviors and/or decisions. (Cherry, K., 2020).
To assist them throughout these stages, parents must be open to communicating with the adolescents, willing to hear the truth about situations and not make the adolescent feel embarrassed, offer healthy alternatives and encourage extracurricular activities, be willing to work through complications together and seek out additional resources if needed. Adolescents also require boundaries, therefore it is also vital that the parents not try overly hard to be a friend instead of a parent, one whom they should respect, and not view or talk to as an equal. (hhs.gov, 2019). I can only speak personally, but it was the times I had the fear of God put in me by my parents, that lead me to say no when faced with peer pressure. They didn’t have to be present for me to know the consequences I would face if I made the wrong decision. This helps build a sense of moral and consciousness.
 References:
 Cherry, Kendra. (2020). Erik Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development. Psychosocial Psychology. Theories. Retrieved from: https://www.verywellmind.com/erik-eriksons-stages-of-psychosocial-development-2795740
Falkner, Angel. (2018). Adolescent Assessment. Health assessment: Foundations for effective practice. Retrieved from: https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs434vn/health-assessment-foundations-for-effective-practice/v1.1/#/chapter/3
 Hhs.gov. (2019). Peer Pressure. Healthy Friendships. Healthy Relationships. Adolescent Health. Retrieved from: https://www.hhs.gov/ash/oah/adolescent-development/healthy-relationships/healthy-friendships/peer-pressure/index.html

Reply 2

Re: Topic 3 DQ 2

Adolescence is a transition phase when teenagers feel trapped between their youth and young adulthood. It is time of exploration, physical change, challenges, and growth. Teenagers face various problems such as lateral relationship violence, bullying, cyberbullying, depression, and risk for suicide.
Social networking.
Social connections such as friendships, peer influences, and social media are play vital role to bring changes in teenagers. They often struggle with self-esteem as their bodies change. Social pressures portray idealistic images of perfection. If they do not fit the image, they may fear social embarrassment. Because teens have this strong desire to fit in, they become highly susceptible to peer pressure(Falkner,2018) Social media use may cause change in sleep cycle for adolescents which lead to depression. One study found that 54% of 18-year old’s’ public social media profiles contained or more references to a high-risk behavior, such as sexual activity, substance abuse, or violence.
Parents should involve in social media use by creating their own social media profiles and guide their children about the right uses of social media. They should aware their children outcome of missuses of social media. Parent should involve in their out-school activities.
Teen Suicide.
Teenagers are more susceptible to depression due to rapid development changes and social pressure which includes bullying, peer pressure, academic pressure, identity confusion, sexual maturation, and family pressure. Due to lack of support and coping mechanism to treat anxiety and depression can result in teen suicide. Additionally, as a result of cyberbullying, rates of teenage depression and teen suicide have increased (Bratsis, 2014), which has created a situation in which “suicide is the second leading cause of death among youth 10–24 years of age” (Lamis, Underwood, & D’Amore, 2017, p. 89).
In orders to prevent teen suicide parents should aware teenage stressor such as bullying peer pressure, identity confusion etc. They should monitor cell phone uses and social media platform to prevent high risk behavior. Seek help if they identify depression symptoms in their children.
References
Uhls ,Y., Nicole ,B., Subramanyam , K. (2017). Benefits and costs of social media in adolescence.140,S67-S70. Retrieved from https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/140/Supplement_2/S67/tab-article-info
Grand Canyon University. (Ed). (2018). Health assessment: Foundations for effective practice. Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs434vn/health-assessment-foundations-for-effective-practice/v1.1/#/chapter/3