Solved by a verified expert:Answer all questions as concisely as possible, and in your own words.
(Q1) (i) What is the
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)?
What are its goals?
How many countries have signed up to it? Which countries have not?
Approximately what proportion of the nearly 6000 amphibians known to science is
currently threatened with extinction?
(ii)How can alkaloids found in frog
skins such as pumiliotoxins and epibatidine contribute to medicine?
(iii) Amphibians are currently being
studied with regard to regeneration and body-freezing. Briefly explain each
phenomenon and state how such research might contribute to biomedical research.
Describe the basic differences in methods of data collection in the three
ethnobotanical studies we discussed in class: Schultes&Raffauf (1990) in
the Northwest Amazon; Smith (1991) in Northern Australia; and Yorim, Korape,
Legu, Koch, Barrows, Matainaho, & Rai (2012) in Papua.
How do you think differences in method affected the quality of their data?
According to Maffi& Woodley (2010), in what ways might humans have
traditionally acted as biodiversity-enhancing agents?
(ii) On considering their analysis
of the projects, how is loss of language interrelated with loss of
biodiversity, and how is language revitalization connected to biodiversity