Solved by a verified expert:1. What are the characteristics of the DNA code?2. What is an example of chromosomal abnormalities that are associated with nondisjunction in the sex chromosomes? Describe the effect of such abnormality.3. What are the five major structural components of a cell and their functions within the cell?4. Compare and contrast the processes of mitosis and meiosis. How does meiosis contribution to an increase in genetic variation? Why doesn’t mitosis contribute to genetic variation in this way?5. What is a Mendelian trait?6. How do homozygous individuals differ from heterozygous individuals?