Solved by a verified expert:Question 1:Suppose a eukaryotic RNA molecule has no 5′ cap. Will this molecule be translated?a)Yes, but in small quantitiesb)Yes, just like it always did.c)Yes, but the cell will provide an excess of GTPd) NoQuestion 2:Smooth muscle and skeletal muscle have different forms of mRNA due to … :a)The aminoacylationb) Polyadenylationc) Alternative splicingd)The degeneration of mRNA fragmentsQuestion 3:A precursor messenger RNA (pre-mRNA) is …A. Only in prokaryotes.B. In prokaryotes and eukaryotes.C.Only in the eukaryotic nucleus.D. Only in the cytoplasm of eukaryotes.Question 4Following the repair of base mismatch endonuclease, ____________ is (are) required to complete the repair.A. DNA polymeraseB. DNA polymerase and ligaseC. Primase, DNA polymerase and ligase .D. Primase and ligaseQuestion 5:Imagine that a genetic mutation makes the primase unable to make RNA primers. Assuming all other enzymes required for DNA replication working well, what (s) phase (s) of DNA replication you expect anyway to see in these mutant cells?A. Both directors and discontinuous strands are synthesized but Okazaki fragments would never be linked.B.None of the steps in the replication could not take place.C. The double-stranded DNA could be unwound by helicase, but none of the two strands would be replicated.D. The director would be synthesized strand but not the discontinuous strand.Question 6At the beginning of the translation, initiator tRNA mates in a complementary manner with the start codon of _______ ribosome.A. Site A first, then the P siteB. Site A first, then E SiteC. Site AD. P SiteQuestion 7In prokaryotes, which of the expression of the following genes control modes will not happen?A. Enabling developersB. The chromatin remodelingC. The protein degradation rateD.The mRNA degradation rateQuestion 8In the experience of Hershey and Chase, 32P was used to label ________ while the 35S was used to label __________.A. The DNA;B. ProteinThe RNA; the proteinC. Proteins; DNAD. Proteins; phospholipidsQuestion 9Among the nucleotide sequences listed below, which represents the sequence complementary to the sequence 5′-GACGTT-3 ‘?A: TCATGG 5’-3 ‘B.CTGCAA 3’-5 ‘C.AGTACC 3’-5 ‘D.TCATGG 3’-5 ‘Question 10The delivery of proteins to their final destination in eukaryotic cells is …A.Directed by signals part of proteinB.Essentially random.C.Based on the transcription factors.D.Controlled by the type of ribosome used.Question 11What happens when the live strain (R) non-pathogenic Streptococcus pneumoniae is mixed with bacteria pathogenic strain (S) heat-killed?A:S strain of bacteria is transformed into strain RB:R strain of bacteria is transformed into strain SC: S strain of bacteria back to life.D. R strain of bacteria is killed and the S strain remains dead.Question 12During normal DNA replication, a portion of the DNA 3 ‘ends of a linear chromosome is not copied in the new DNA strands because …A. Cells do not require the DNA at the ends of chromosomes.B. The RNA primers at the beginning of a new strand can not be replaced by DNA.C. These ends are of the Okazaki fragments that are lost.D. The DNA ligase can join the fragments on chromosome terminations.Question 13During translation, tRNA bind to mRNA using … A. Non-polar covalent bondsB. Hydrogen bondsC. Ionic bondsD. Van der Waals forcesQuestion 14What direction is the polymerization of DNA during replication?A: The 5 ‘→ 3’ strand Director and 3 ‘→ 5’ to the discontinuous strand.B:In the 5 ‘→ 3’ only.C.In the 3 ‘→ 5’ strand for the director and 5 ‘→ 3’ to the discontinuous strand.D. Or 3 ‘→ 5’ or 5 ‘→ 3’ to the strands, all depending on the origin of replication.Question 15In eukaryotes, genes coding for proteins are transcribed by …A.RNA polymerase III.B.RNA polymerase II.C.The RNA polymerase I or III.D.RNA polymerase I.Question 16The termination of transcription in prokaryotes requires …A. stop codon.B.An enzyme.C.A poly-A sequenceD.A terminator sequence.Question 17What is the function of a poly-A 3 ‘sequence of a eukaryotic mRNA?A:Termination of transcriptionB. Intron splice signal.C.Site initial ribosome attachment.D.Protection against cytosolic enzymes.Question 18During replication of DNA, which of the following enzymes adds nucleotides to the 3 ‘end of an existing strand to construct a new DNA strand?A. DNA polymeraseB:HelicaseC.PrimaseD.TopoisomeraseQuestion 19In eukaryotes, translation of the genes encoding for nuclear proteins is in …A.The nucleolusB.The coreC.The Golgi apparatusD.CytosolQuestion 20Post-translational modifications include ….A:The exchange of an amino acid encoded by an amino acid codon of RNA encoded by a DNA codon.B.Chemical modifications of proteins.C.Cleavage of the poly-A tail of the mRNA.D.The chromatin remodeling.Question 21The formation of a peptide bond during translation is catalyzed by …A:The pRNPn (small nuclear ribonucleoprotein) B.RNA polymeraseC.The aminoacyl-tRNA transferaseD.The ribosomeQuestion 22Adjacent nucleotides on one strand of DNA are joined together by a (e) … .A: Phosphodiester bondB.A peptide linkC.Hydrogen bondD.Hydrophobic interactionQuestion 23″Alphabet” RNA used in the genetic code ____ letters.A:20B.4C.5D.64Question 24During replication of DNA ligase is active on the discontinuous strand. Why?A:Discontinuous strand is synthesized more slowly, and DNA ligase accelerates the polymerization rate of the DNA polymerase.B.DNA is synthesized in the 3 ‘→ 5’ on the discontinuous strand.C.The discontinuous strand, the ligase must bind the RNA primer with Okazaki fragment.D.Discontinuous strand contains more DNA segments smaller than the director strand, such short segments are connected together by DNA ligase.