Solved by a verified expert:1.According to Dyball & Newell, the production of Alex’s T-shirts, purchased in a local store caused: (Points : 10) workers in Bangladesh to be exposed to mutagenic chemicals. forests in Alabama to be clear-cut in order to grow the cotton. poisoning of waterways on the other side of the planet due to toxic chemicals used to bleach and dye the shirts. eutrophication of the waters in the Gulf of Mexico, leading to declines in important fish stocks.Question 2.2.The larger the human population grows: (Points : 10) the more resilient the Earth’s systems will become. the greater its total impact will be unless the amount consumed per person declines as the numbers of individuals increases. the more technological advances will be created. the higher will be the level of social interactions leading to improved conditions for all of humanity.Question 3.3.Alex is encouraged to acquire more, because her culture’s primary measure of how well she is doing is by counting how much she consumes. (Points : 10) True False Question 4.4.The field of Human Ecology: (Points : 10) concerns itself with the interrelationships between the social and the ecological and the processes that drive changes in them over time. is very concerned with equity and social justice. is trans-disciplinary. All of the above are true. Only (a) and (c) are true.Question 5.5.Well-intentioned human interventions designed to solve human-ecological problems typically fail and actually make matters worse environmentally or socially or both, because: (Points : 10) governments are corrupt. the problems are considered piecemeal instead of in a holistic way, which includes a comprehensive framework of the major ecological and human interactions. the dynamics of the system are beyond human comprehension. enforcement mechanisms are insufficient.Question 6.6.Highly specialized creatures adapted to the harsh Alpine conditions: (Points : 10) are threatened by climate change. are able to migrate seasonally away from the Alpine habitat. are unimportant to Alpine ecosystems. are an important food source for Australians.Question 7.7.The Irrigators (Farmers) were incensed at Snowy Hydro during the Millennium Drought, because: (Points : 10) they were diverting most of the water to the Snowy River Recreation area. they were selling the water to ranchers for their cattle. their new business model that made it more profitable to reserve the water so that they could enter into contracts with power companies and other entities. they allowed the water reserves to evaporate.Question 8.8.In his introduction to The Future of Nature, editor and writer, Barry Lopez, suggests that what troubles America as a nation: (Points : 10) can be understood as failures of the Cardinal Virtues. is the importation of fossil fuels from unfriendly nations. is a lack of sophisticated technologies to recycle waste materials. can be understood as a deficiency in the arts to describe environmental problems adequately.Question 9.9.The precautionary principle: (Points : 10) asserts that if harm is threatened, even if there is uncertainty about the seriousness of that harm, then precautionary actions must be taken. warns us against making hasty decisions. would inform us to ignore the potential dangers of pesticide residue in food unless its medical effects on humans were precisely understood. cautions us to be wary of environmentalists’ claims when creating regulations.Question 10.10.When we use our computers or cell phones to access “the cloud”, we are indirectly causing the polar ice caps to melt. (Points : 10) True False