Solved by a verified expert:GED 102 The Human Body UNIT 4 EXAMMultiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)1. The three mucosa-covered projections into the nasal cavity that greatly increase surface area ofmucosa exposed to air are called ________.a. tonsilsb. adenoidsc. conchaed. paranasal sinuses2. The posterior portion of the palate that is not supported by bone is called the ________.a. soft palateb. paranasal sinusc. epiglottisd. hard palate3. From superior to inferior, the three regions of the pharynx are the ________.a. oropharynx, nasopharynx, laryngopharynxb. nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynxc laryngopharynx, oropharynx, nasopharynxd. nasopharynx, laryngopharynx, oropharynx4. The ________ tonsil, or adenoid, is located high in the nasopharynx region.a. lingualb. laryngealc. pharyngeald. palatine5. The ________ routes air and food into their proper channels and plays a role in speech.a. tongueb. pharynxc. nasal conchaed. larynx6. The mucosa-lined windpipe that extends from the larynx to the level of the fifth thoracicvertebra is called the ________.a. tracheab. oropharynxc. main (primary) bronchusd. nasopharynxUnit 4 Examination 172 GED 102 The Human Body7. ________ lining the mucosa of the trachea beat continuously to propel contaminated mucus tothe throat.a. Microvillib. Coarse hairsc. Ciliad. Flagella8. The process of physically and chemically breaking food particles down is referred to as________.a. digestionb. defecationc. ingestiond. absorption9. The ________ runs from the pharynx through the diaphragm to the stomach.a. tracheab. esophagusc. larynxd. small intestine10. The innermost layer of the alimentary canal is referred to as the ________.a. serosab. submucosac. mucosad. muscularis externa11. The two intrinsic nerve plexuses serving the alimentary canal are the ________.a. solar; sympatheticb. submucosa; myentericc. autonomic; somaticd. mucosa; submucosa12. The ________ sphincter, or valve, controls food movement from the stomach into the smallintestine.a. ileocecalb. cardioesophagealc. pyloricd. analUnit 4 Examination 173 GED 102 The Human Body13. Large wrinkle-like folds in the stomach lining, present when the stomach is empty, that allowfor expansion when the stomach is filling are called ________.a. villib. haustrac. microvillid. rugae14. The medial indentation where the ureter, blood vessels, and nerves are connected to the kidneyis called the ________.a. renal capsuleb. renal columnc. renal pyramidd. renal hilum15. There are three regions of the kidney; the outermost region is known as the ________.a. renal medullab. renal cortexc. renal pelvisd. renal hilum16. Renal (medullary) pyramids are separated by extensions of cortex-like tissue called the________.a. renal columnsb. renal pelvisc. renal hilumd. renal capsule17. The blood vessel carrying blood from the aorta into the kidney is the ________.a. hepatic arteryb. renal arteryc. renal veind. glomerulus18. The functional unit of the kidney that filters blood and forms urine is the ________.a. glomerulusb. nephronc. renal pyramidd. renal pelvisUnit 4 Examination 174 GED 102 The Human Body19. The blood vessel directly feeding the glomerulus with blood from the cortical radiate artery isthe ________.a. peritubular capillaryb. efferent arteriolec. renal veind. afferent arteriole20. The gonads produce sex cells, also known as ________,a. zygotesb. interstitial cellsc. gametesd. spermatids21. Sperm are formed in tightly coiled tubes called seminiferous tubules that are found withineach ________.a. spermatic cordb. testisc. ductus (vas) deferensd. epididymis22. The glands that produce a thick, yellowish secretion which nourishes and activates sperm arethe ________.a. bulbo-urethral glandsb. prostatec. seminal glands (vesicles)d. ejaculatory duct23. The ________ gland surrounds the upper portion of the urethra just below the junction with theurinary bladder.a. ejaculatoryb. seminalc. bulbo-urethrald. prostateUnit 4 Examination 175 GED 102 The Human Body24. The enlarged tip of the penis is called the ________.a. glans penisb. shaftc. scrotumd. prepuce (foreskin)25. The male external genitalia include the ________ and the ________.a. testes; ductus (vas) deferensb. spermatic cord; glans penisc. penis; scrotumd. seminal glands (vesicles); ejaculatory duct