Solved by a verified expert:Question1 of 50Which of the following describes the order of epidermal layers a needle would pierce if placed inthe sole of the foot?1. stratum basale2. stratum corneum3. stratum granulosum4. stratum lucidum5. stratum spinosum2, 4, 3, 5, 11, 3, 5, 2, 42, 3, 4, 1, 52, 3, 5, 1, 41, 5, 3, 4, 2Question2 of 50What is the name of the clear layer of epidermis in which cells die because of their inability toget nutrients and oxygen?Stratum lucidumStratum granulosumStratum basaleStratum corneumStratum spinosumQuestion3 of 50A splinter penetrates to the deepest layer of the epidermis on the foot. What is this layer called?Stratum granulosumStratum corneumStratum basaleStratum spinosumStratum lucidumQuestion4 of 50What is the name of the finger-like upward projections of the dermis into the epidermis?Pacinian corpusclesHair folliclesDermal papillaeHair bulbsMeissner’s corpusclesQuestion5 of 50What forms the dermis?Fibrous connective tissueLoose connective tissueEpithelial tissueAdipose tissueSkeletal muscleQuestion6 of 50Where are the blood vessels that supply skin cells found?In the epidermis aloneIn the epidermis and dermisIn the subcutaneous layer aloneIn the dermis and subcutaneous layerIn the hypodermis onlyQuestion7 of 50Which of the following is/are found in the dermis?MelanocytesKeratinStratum corneumPain and touch receptorsstratum spinosumQuestion8 of 50Which of the following is not an epidermal derivative?Sweat glandsSebaceous glandsHair folliclesSensory receptorsNailQuestion9 of 50What is the main function of melanocytes?To remove dead cells by phagocytosis.To help control body temperature.To protect deeper cells from sunlight.To produce vitamin D.To detect sensory impulses.Question10 of 50What substance(s) is/are secreted by the eccrine glands?Fatty substances, antibodies, and trace amounts of minerals and vitaminsPrimarily uric acidSolely metabolic wastesBasic proteinsMostly water, sodium chloride, and trace amounts of wastes, lactic acid, and vitamin CQuestion11 of 50Which of the following describes how the secretion of sweat is stimulated?As a protective coating when one is swimmingWhen the air temperature dropsBy hormones, especially male sex hormonesBy high temperaturesBoth by high temperatures and by hormonesQuestion12 of 50Acne is a disorder associated with inflammation of which of the following?Apocrine sweat glandsSebaceous glandsEccrine sweat glandsHair folliclesNail matrixQuestion13 of 50When the body temperature rises, which of the following takes place?Eccrine glands become active.Arrector pili muscles contract.Pacinian corpuscles are stimulated.Blood is prevented from reaching skin capillary beds.All of the above.Question14 of 50Destruction of the hair bulb would result in its inability to do which of the following?Produce goose bumpsGrowResist dryingProduce oilProduce perspirationQuestion15 of 50In order to warm the body up when cold which of the following occurs?The arrector pili muscles contract to stand hairs upright.Sudoriferous glands release sweat.Vitamin D is synthesized.Sebaceous glands release oil.Melanin is produced.Question16 of 50What are nails composed of?CaroteneMelaninKeratinHemoglobinSebumQuestion17 of 50What is the first threat to life from a massive third-degree burn?Loss of immune functionInfectionDehydrationUnbearable painBlood lossQuestion18 of 50Which of the following is an indication of melanoma?A pigmented spot that contains areas of different colorsA pigmented spot that has smooth bordersA symmetrical moleA pigmented spot that is blackA spot on the skin that is smaller than the size of a pencil eraserQuestion19 of 50Which of the following homeostatic imbalances is caused by skin exposure to chemicals?CyanosisAthlete’s footImpetigoContact dermatitisCold soresQuestion20 of 50Which of the following bones is NOT considered part of the appendicular skeleton?SternumMetatarsalsRadiusFemurScapulaQuestion21 of 50Which of the following is NOT included in the appendicular skeleton?Pectoral girdleVertebral columnUpper limbsPelvic girdleUlnaQuestion22 of 50Select the option that describes the components of the axial skeleton.1. Skull2. Arms and legs3. Ribs and sternum4. Vertebrae5. Pelvic girdles2, 52, 3, 4, 51, 3, 41, 2, 3, 51, 3, 4, 5Question23 of 50Which of the following is NOT a function of the skeletal system?SupportMovementStorageConstraintHematopoiesisQuestion24 of 50What tiny canal connects central (Haversian) canals to lacunae in compact bone?Perforating canalOsteonLamellaCanaliculusPeriosteumQuestion25 of 50What are the small cavities in bone tissue where osteocytes are found?Haversian canalsTrabeculaeVolkmann’s canalsLamellaeLacunaeQuestion26 of 50Red bone marrow functions in the formation of which of the following?Red blood cells and plateletsWhite blood cells onlyRed and white blood cells onlyRed and white blood cells and plateletsPlatelets onlyQuestion27 of 50Which of the following groups of bones in the human body, categorized according to shape, iscorrect?Wrist and ankle bones ? long bonesArm and leg bones ? short bonesCranium ? sesamoid bonesSkull bones ? flat bonesCoxal bones ? short bonesQuestion28 of 50The femur, tibia, humerus, and radius are all classified as which of the following?Flat bonesCompact bonesSesamoid bonesLong bonesIrregular bonesQuestion29 of 50What does the presence of an epiphyseal plate indicate?The bone is dead.The bone length is increasing.The bone diameter is increasing.The bone diameter is decreasing.The bone length is no longer increasing.Question30 of 50What is the name for a round or oval opening through a bone?FissureForamenFossaFacetTrochanterQuestion31 of 50What is the name of a shallow, basin-like depression in a bone often serving as an articularsurface?ForamenSinusFossaGrooveMeatusQuestion32 of 50What kind of tissue is the forerunner of long bones in the embryo?Dense fibrous connective tissueLoose fibrous connective tissueHyaline cartilageElastic connective tissueFibrocartilageQuestion33 of 50What factor(s) determine(s) where bone matrix is to be remodeled?Calcium level of the bloodSex hormonesGrowth hormoneParathyroid hormone (PTH)Stresses of gravity and muscle pull on the skeletonQuestion34 of 50The healing of a bone fracture has four stages. Which of the following best illustrates thesequence of these stages?1. Bony callus formation2. Bone remodeling3. Fibrocartilage callus formation4. Hematoma formation1, 3, 4, 24, 3, 1, 21, 3, 2, 44, 3, 2, 11, 2, 3, 4Question35 of 50A compound fracture can be described as which of the following?The broken bone ends are forced into each other.Adjacent bones fracture simultaneously.The broken bone is exposed to the outside.The bone is broken into many fragments.The bone is crushed.Question36 of 50What is the name of bone destroying cells?OsteoblastsOsteoclastsOsteocytesLacunaeNatural killer cellsQuestion37 of 50Bone formation can be referred to as which of the following?OsteoarthritisOssificationGoutRicketsOsteoporosisQuestion38 of 50What is the proper name for the shaft of a long bone?EpiphysisPeriosteumDiaphysisOsteonHaversian canalQuestion39 of 50Why is the hyoid bone unique?It has an unusual shape.It is the only bone of the body that does not directly articulate with any other bone.It is covered with mucosa.It largely consists of cartilage.It has no specific function.Question40 of 50Which of the following describes the atlas?Part of the sacrumLast lumbar vertebraFirst cervical vertebraFirst thoracic vertebraSecond cervical vertebraQuestion41 of 50What is the name of the suture found between the parietal and occipital bone?Lambdoid sutureSquamous sutureSagittal sutureCoronal sutureBoth the squamous suture and the sagittal sutureQuestion42 of 50All of the following facial bones are paired except one. Which of the following is the unpairedfacial bone?LacrimalPalatineVomerZygomaticMaxillaeQuestion43 of 50The sternum is the result of fusion of what three bones?Pubis, ischium, iliumManubrium, body, xiphoid processTrue ribs, manubrium, xiphoid processIschium, ilium, coccyxJugular notch, sternal angle, xiphisternal jointQuestion44 of 50Which of the following is the tailbone?SacrumPubisCoccyxIschiumPatellaQuestion45 of 50Four of the five answers listed below are parts of the same anatomical area. Which of thefollowing is the exception?ClavicleHumerusScapulaFibulaRadiusQuestion46 of 50Which of the following is correct regarding the female pelvis when comparing it with the malepelvis?The distance between the female ischial tuberosities is less.The female pelvis as a whole is deeper, and the bones are heavier and thicker.The female iliac bones are less flared.The distance between the female ischial spines is greater.The angle of the female pubic arch is smaller.Question47 of 50Articulations permitting only slight degrees of movement are __________, whereas articulationspermitting no movement are called __________.synarthroses; amphiarthrosesdiarthroses; amphiarthrosesdiarthroses; synarthrosesamphiarthroses; diarthrosesamphiarthroses; synarthrosesQuestion48 of 50Which of the following apply to diarthroses?Exhibit a joint cavitySuturesAre immovableSlightly movablea and dQuestion49 of 50The joints between the vertebrae of the backbone are best described as which of the following?ImmovableSlightly movableFreely movableSynovialHingeQuestion50 of 50What connective tissue articulates one bone to another?Elastic connective tissueAdipose tissueLigamentsTendonsAreolar connective tissue