Solved by a verified expert:Question Points
1. An eating
disorder that is a form of self-induced starvation is:
a. anorexia nervosa.
b. bulimia nervosa.
c. binge-eating
d. chronic dieting.
2. To promote
weight loss, diet plans should be:
a. less than
1200/kcal day.
b. individualized for
each client.
c. low in fat.
d. low in
high-fructose corn syrup.
3. The term
that describes the amount of energy needed by the body for maintenance of life
while at rest is:
a. basal metabolism.
b. respiratory
c. nitrogen balance.
d. homeostasis.
4. Class 3
obesity is defined as BMI above:
a. 27 kg/m2.
b. 30 kg/m2.
c. 35 kg/m2.
d. 40 kg/m2.
5. The
percentage of a man’s body weight that is composed of essential body fat is:
a. 3% to 5%.
b. 6% to 8%.
c. 10% to 12%.
d. 15% to 18%.
6. The
phrase that best describes the term energy is:
a. a feeling of
b. a molecule of
c. the body’s ability
to do work.
d. a feeling of
7. After
digestion and absorption, food provides an available source of energy to tissues
if it is converted into:
a. amino acids.
b. fatty acids.
c. glucose.
d. glycogen.
8. The three
components that identify obesity as a disease are:
a. diet, exercise,
and behavior modification.
b. cause, clinical
signs, and pathophysiology.
c. diabetes,
hypertension, and coronary heart disease.
d. fat cells,
hormonal functions, and “set point.”
9. The
amount of blood pumped out of the heart during one beat or contraction is
a. stroke volume.
b. cardiac output.
c. cardiac rate.
d. tidal volume.
10. The
chemical compound that provides energy for body functions in the cell is:
a. glucose.
b. triglyceride.
c. adenosine
thyroid-stimulating hormone.
11. When
energy intake continually exceeds energy expenditure, the result is:
a. diabetes.
b. anorexia.
c. malnutrition.
d. obesity.
12. The amount
of total energy expenditure represented by the TEF is about:
a. 5%.
b. 10%.
c. 15%.
d. 20%.
13. Foods and
drugs used to enhance athletic performance are known as:
a. aerobic aids.
b. ergogenic aids.
c. megadose
d. stimulants.
14. The term
that refers to maximum oxygen uptake or aerobic capacity is:
a. hitting the wall.
b. VO2 max.
c. muscle fatigue.
d. CO2 max.
15. Resting
metabolic rate (RMR) is often measured instead of BMR because:
a. RMR is more
b. BMR has too many
c. BMR is only a
theoretical concept.
d. RMR is easier to
16. Fatty
acids are mobilized for energy by:
a. growth hormone.
b. hormone sensitive
c. insulin.
d. bile salts.
17. A person’s
total energy requirements are determined by adding the BMR, amount of daily
activity, and the:
a. amount of daily
food intake.
b. amount of sleep
c. thermic effect of
d. degree of
18. The
percentage of the inheritance of obesity that is accounted for by genetic
factors is about:
a. 15% to 30%.
b. 25% to 50%.
c. 35% to 70%.
d. 45% to 90%.
19. To
increase aerobic capacity, a person should follow an aerobic exercise program
for at least 20 minutes, at least:
a. two times per
b. three times per
c. four times per
d. five times per
20. Risk of
being overweight is inversely related to intakes of:
a. potassium.
b. iron.
c. calcium.
d. zinc.
21. A hormone
that is related to the amount of body fat is:
a. insulin.
b. lipase.
c. estrogen.
d. leptin.
22. If a diet
plan results in weight loss, it is because it provides:
a. enough protein to
spare lean body mass.
b. enough
carbohydrate to spare lean body mass.
c. fewer calories
than the client expends.
d. enough variety to
hold the client’s interest.
23. In order
to be eligible to use weight-loss medications, an otherwise healthy individual
must have a body mass index (BMI) above:
a. 27 kg/m2.
b. 30 kg/m2.
c. 35 kg/m2.
d. 40 kg/m2.
24. Drugs such
as benzphetamine, diethylpropion, phendimetrazine, and phentermine help clients
lose weight by:
a. modifying the
neurotransmitters in the central nervous system.
b. blocking
production and secretion of lipase from the pancreas.
c. increasing the
sense of fullness and satiety.
d. modifying taste
buds to reduce the preference for sweet foods.
25. A drug
that blocks production and secretion of lipase from the pancreas is:
a. sibutramine.
b. orlistat.
c. phentermine.
d. antilipase.