Solved by a verified expert:QUESTIONSQUESTION 1)This week, (our final week!), we have the opportunity to explore health trends in the globalenvironment.Choose from the following list, one trend in global health. (Life expectancy, emerging infections,disparities in health, allocation of resources, environmental quality, corporate resource involvementsuch as drug companies). Compare this trend in one developed country to this trend in onedeveloping country.ANSWER:REFERENCES:=================================================================QUESTION 2)According to, Using Mobile Technology to Support Healthcare, "The need to improve and provideefficient health services has resulted in the increased use of information and communicationtechnology-based solutions in the healthcare sector.", (Senanu Okuboyejo and Omatseyin Eyesan, are some examples of global health interventions that are a result of advancedtechnology?ANSWER:REFERENCE:QUESTION 3)This highlights one of the global public health issues where there have been multiple controversies medical volunteerism in the global community. For example, "In spite of good intentions, international volunteer work that does not follow bestpractice principles can be wasteful, unethical, and harmful.", ( Some of these trips have been charged withbeing self-serving (i.e. to benefit the volunteer, not the community being served).One of the concerns can be that communities need long term solutions, and short term trips do notidentify the root of the problem. Also, interventions may not include the local health system in theirplanning and implementation, and could undermine the local health care infrastructure. Manyvolunteers are not educated in the local culture, or trained in the services that are provided. Withoutaddressing the sustainability of the intervention, more problems can be created (i.e. providingsurgery, without follow up for infections or complications when the mission is over).What are some of the ways that short term medical volunteer trips can become sustainable?ANSWER:REFERENCE:QUESTION 4)One of the public health issues associated with the increased life expectancy in developed countriesis that it has created an increase in the need for health care services, as population’s age.According to the World Health Organization (WHO), "The rapidly growing absolute and relativenumbers of older people in both developed and developing countries mean that more and morepeople will be entering the age when the risk of developing certain chronic and debilitating diseasesis significantly higher. As such, population aging presents new and serious challenges for nationaland international public health." ( you were a public health nurse in your community, what are some of the public healthinterventions that you would initiate based on the aging populations’ vulnerabilities?ANSWER:REFERENCE: QUESTION 5)This highlights the "Japanese smoking paradox".For example, according to, Explanations for the Smoking Paradox in Japan, "The prevalence ofcigarette smoking among Japanese men has been consistently high compared with Western malesover the past 30 years. However, during the same period, the incidence of and mortality rates forlung cancer have consistently been lower in Japan than in Western countries." (European Journal ofEpidemiology, 2003;18(5):381-3).As we have discussed the social determinants of health and the epidemiology triangle, whatcould be some of the contributing factors to this phenomenon?ANSWER:REFERENCE:QUESTION 6:As you are preparing your Week Seven Travel Poster assignment, does your local healthdepartment provide travel vaccines?ANSWER:REFERENCE:QUESTION 7: This week, we have the opportunity to review the primary prevention measure – immunizations.Identify one vaccine program that is emphasized by the public health department within yourcommunity. How is the program marketed, and what are some of the issues associated withvaccine supply, demand, packaging, or manufacturing?ANSWER:REFERENCE:==============================================================QUESTION 8)As we look at vaccines in the global community, how has GAVI influenced the global vaccinerates?ANSWER:REFERENCE:====================================================================QUESTION 9)The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation provided the initial seed money (a five year pledge of $750million) to get GAVI started in 1999."As a public-private partnership, GAVI represented the sum of its partners’ individual strengths, fromWHO’s scientific expertise and UNICEF’s procurement system to the financial know-how of theWorld Bank, and the market knowledge of the vaccine industry",( other examples of public-private partnerships that influence global health? ANSWER:REFERENCE:QUESTION 10)As we proceed through our final week in Epidemiology: Global and Public Health, we have theopportunity to review the wide variety of topics that we explored in the past few weeks.For discussion (and participation credit), please feel free to choose a topic from the following list:Emergency response and preparednessHealthy People objectivesInfectious disease, the epidemiology triangleSocial determinants of healthSurveillance systemsVulnerable populationsNursing rolesPublic health financingPublic health policyGlobal health trendsFor discussion and participation, describe one of these content areas where you learned somethingthat you are able to integrate into your current practice (either from your own research or the classdiscussions). Also, please feel free to provide any updates on any of these issues and concepts.ANSWER;REFERENCE:QUESTION 11