Write 6 pages with APA style on The Archaeological Evidence for the Lives of Neanderthals, and the Reasons for Their Extinction. Neanderthals are often said to have developed as a sub-species of Homo Erectus, which also had another stream of Homo Sapiens, which makes Neanderthals the closest relatives of modern humans. They had a weak chin, a protruding jaw, and a receding forehead, which was probably to support their larger brain and balance their heavy body shape. Undoubtedly, like many other species that existed during the ice age, Neanderthals also had their body covered with a heavy coat of hair. Nevertheless, being the closest relatives to Homo Sapiens, the Neanderthals gradually developed their lifestyle in an advanced form, with the use of caves, stone-built weapons, and clothes made of animal skin (Hirschler, 2014).The extinction of Neanderthals has been one of the most debated subjects among modern historians. As per the modern archaeologists, Neanderthals lived approximately 300,000 years ago. Contentiously though, historians assume that Neanderthals primarily lived in the regions of the Middle East, Europe as well as in Centrals Asia, as these are places where the fossils of these species were found. Evaluating a large number of archaeological evidence reveal that there are numerous innovative as well as interesting facts related to this particular species that raised significant questions as to the actual causes of their extinction. However, mainstream archaeologists agree to the conception that Neanderthals originated in the period of the Stone Age and had surprising similarities with Homo sapiens (Seawright, 2009).As per a wide number of archaeological database, Neanderthals have been described as the major influencers of the Palaeolithic Period. It has also been found that Neanderthals had a major contribution to cultivating the ignition of several revolutions in the world society. Evidence gathered through archaeological studies evidence huge information relating to the lifestyle of Neanderthals, which describes that Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans are very closely related to each other.