Key Concepts: Elements of Offense, i.e., Protected Speech, Obscenity laws
Capstone Cases: Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire,Lewis v. New Orleans, Bousquet v. Arkansas, United States v. Williams, United States v. Whorley, United States v. Kilbride, and Lawrence v. Texas.
Assignment: In a narrative format for the Complete section, construct one essay which addresses the following points: The minimum requirements for Completes are four (5) scholarly sources including at least one peer reviewed journal article (one published within the last seven years). I expect perfect APA technique and a minimum of 1,700 words of content overall, not including the references section.
The narrative essay should clearly define the key concepts of protected speech and the legal concept of obscenity and will apply these principles to the Capstone cases of Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire,Lewis v. New Orleans, Bousquet v. Arkansas, United States v. Williams, United States v. Whorley, United States v. Kilbride, and Lawrence v. Texas.
Your response will include the overview of the cases and will also need to address each question or statement listed below in an essay format.
In the Capstone case of Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire, the Appellant was convicted in the municipal court of Rochester, New Hampshire, for violation of Chapter 378, Section 2, of the Public Laws of New Hampshire: No person shall address any offensive, derisive or annoying word to any other person who is lawfully in any street or other public place, nor call him by any offensive or derisive name, nor make any noise or exclamation in his presence and hearing with intent to deride, offend or annoy him, or to prevent him from pursuing his lawful business or occupation. The charge was based on the claim that Chaplinsky stated in a public place, You are a God damned racketeer and a damned Fascist and the whole government of Rochester are Fascists or agents of Fascists.Do you think that the language used by Chaplinsky should be subject to governmental regulation? Why or why not?
Do you believe that all manner of speech should be protected by the First Amendment? If not, what limits would you put on such protections?
What are fighting words? Why arent they protected by the First Amendment?
Read the two cases from your textbookLewis v. New Orleans, 415 U. S. 130 (1974) and Bousquet v. Arkansas, 548 S. W. 2d 125 (1977)involving offensive language directed at a police officer. Should these types of disorderly conduct or fighting words cases be treated differently because the target of the language is a public official?
What factors are relevant to your judgment?
In the Capstone case of United States v. Williams, the United States Code criminalizes, in certain specified circumstances, the pandering or solicitation of child pornography. This case presents the question whether that statute is overbroad under the First Amendment or impermissibly vague under the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment. Should speech in the form of an offer to engage in a criminal act (exchange child pornography) be sufficient to establish criminal liability?
Does your answer to question 1 change if there is no apparent ability to actually exchange child pornography?
Read the opinions in United States v. Whorley, 550 F. 3d 326 (4th Cir. 2008) and United States v. Kilbride, 534 F. 3d 1240 (9th Cir. 2009). Then consider these two rulings in light of the Supreme Courts 2003 opinion in Lawrence v. Texas. Are obscenity laws still constitutional in light of the Courts opinion in Lawrence?
BOOK: Criminal Law Today (Six edition)
Frank Schmalleger Daniel E. Hall
Offenses Against Public Order and the Administration of Justice